1 2 1 2
1 10 17

: ..

  1. #1

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    ..











    levodopa


    , levodopa + benserazide= Madopar.


    dyskinesia.




















    dopamin agonist














    pramipexole (Mirapex) ropinirole (Requip



    rotigotine (Neupro).

    Pergolide (Permax)




    apomorphine (Apokyn),



    .



    MAO B inhibitors.



    selegiline (Eldepryl) rasagiline (Azilect)



    monoamine oxidase B (MAO B





    Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors



    .






    Tolcapone (Tasmar)


    Entacapone (Comtan)

    Stalevo





    Anticholinergics.





    trihexyphenidyl benztropine (Cogentin)


    70


    .

    amantadine (Symmetrel)
























  2. #2

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..



    amantadine
    , ,


    A .

    A :
    : 200 .
    24-48 3-5 24-48 .
    1-9 : 5-9 150 .
    10-12 : 100-200 .
    A :

    : 10 . 90 .

    : 10-21 . 90 .


    :
    100 400 . 100 .
    : .



    , . , , , , , , , .
    , , . .
    : , , , , , .
    .
    , , , . , .
    .
    : .
    , : . .
    : .
    : , , . .

    .
    .


    : , , , , , .
    . .

    .

    .

    . . .



  3. #3

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..



    Scopolamine

    Scopace and Maldemar




    ( )

    ( )
    .
    .





    ( achalasia ) ( ) ( )






    . .
    .
    .





    .


    1


    10-20 3




    .

    .

    .


    ( ) . .

    . .






    :
    ( ) .




    .




    ( benztropine)

    ( meclizine)
    ( )

    ( )




    59 86 (15 30 ).

    .
    .











  4. #4

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    Biperiden
    Akineton


































    - -




    2 3 -4
    16 /24












    c







































    a tricyclic antidepressant -TCA
    amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep), doxepin (Sinequan), clomipramine -Anafranil
    amoxapine (Asendin), desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor),protriptyline -Vivactil
    a phenothiazine
    chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), perphenazine (Trilafon), mesoridazine (Serentil), thioridazine (Mellaril), promazine (Sparine), trifluoperazine -Stelazine
    an antihistamine
    diphenhydramine (Benadryl, ), chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton, others), triprolidine (Actifed, o), brompheniramine (Dimetapp, ), clemastine (Tavist)
    quinidine -Quinora, Quinaglute, Quinidex, Cardioquin
    amantadine -Symmetrel
    digoxin -Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps
    haloperidol-Haldol



  5. #5

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..



    CARBIDOPA,LEVODOPA
    Atamet, Parcopa, Sinemet, Sinemet CR,Credanil








    2-4




    ()
    ɡ

    ɡ ϡ

    ɡ .

    .



    ɡ
    (
    )
    ޡ ߡ

    ȡ ѡ
    .

    .

    ϡ
    .



    metoclopramide (Reglan

    isoniazid (Nydrazid

    phenytoin (Dilantin

    papaverine (Pavabid, Papacon, Pavagen, Pavacot

    blood pressure medication;

    an antidepressant

    amitriptyline (Elavil, Vanatrip), doxepin (Sinequan), nortriptyline (Pamelor)

    chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol), prochlorperazine (Compazine), risperidone (Risperda



  6. #6

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    selegiline
    Eldepryl, Zelapar





    14
    dextromethorphan
    meperidine (Demerol), propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvocet), tramadol (Ultram, Ultracet)
    methadone (Dolophine, Methadose);

    other MAO inhibitors - isocarboxazid (Marplan), tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil), rasagiline (Azilect), transdermal selegiline (Emsam).
    14


    C
    5 10

    - - - - - - - -

    - - - - -- - - - - - - - -
    - - - - -







    carbamazepine (Tegretol
    ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine
    nafcillin (Unipen
    phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton
    rifampin (Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate, Rimactane
    an antidepressant
    amitriptyline (Elavil), amoxapine (Ascendin), bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban), citalopram (Celexa), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), doxepin (Sinequan), duloxetine (Cymbalta), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), paroxetine (Paxil), protriptyline (Vivactil), sertraline (Zoloft), venlafaxine (Effexor), trimipramine (Surmontil




  7. #7

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    pergolide
    Permax,Celance





    2007





    ergotamine -Ergomar, Ercaf, Cafergot
    dihydroergotamine -D.H.E, Migranal


    B


    0.05 0.15 3 0.1 12 0.25 5
    ʡ
    - - - - - - - - - -



    phenothiazine
    chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), mesoridazine (Serentil), perphenazine (Trilafon), thioridazine (Mellaril), promazine (Sparine), trifluoperazine (Stelazine)
    haloperidol (Haldol)
    thiothixene -Navane
    metoclopramide -Reglan



  8. #8

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    cabergoline
    Dostinex,Cabaser




    hyperprolactinemia
    ergotamine (Ergomar, Cafergot), dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal Nasal Spray), ergonovine (Ergotrate), methylergonovine (Methergine).


    0.25
    metoclopramide-Reglan
    blood pressure medications,
    diuretics,
    psychiatric disorder.

    B





    metoclopramide -Reglan
    an ACE inhibitor
    benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), fosinopril (Monopril), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), trandolapril (Mavik);
    a beta-blocker
    acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol (Tenormin), betaxolol (Kerlone), bisoprolol (Zebeta), carteolol (Cartrol), carvedilol (Coreg), esmolol (Brevibloc), labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol), nadolol (Corgard), penbutolol (Levatol), pindolol (Visken), propranolol (Inderal, InnoPran), sotalol (Betapace), or timolol (Blocadren);
    a calcium channel blocker
    amlodipine (Norvasc), diltiazem (Tiazac, Cartia, Cardizem), felodipine (Plendil), nicardipine (Cardene), nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat), nimodipine (Nimotop), nisoldipine (Sular), or verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan);
    a diuretic (water pill)
    amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic), bumetanide (Bumex), chlorthalidone (Hygroton, Thalitone), ethacrynic acid (Edecrin), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Hyzaar, Lopressor, Vasoretic, Zestoretic), indapamide (Lozol), metolazone (Mykrox, Zarxolyn), spironolactone (Aldactazide, Aldactone), triamterene (Dyrenium, Maxzide, Dyazide), torsemide (Demadex),
    other blood pressure medications
    irbesartan (Avapro), losartan (Cozaar), olmesartan (Benicar), telmisartan (Micardis), and valsartan (Diovan).


  9. #9

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    Comtan
    entacapone ,Comtess


    carbidopa and levodopa -Atamet, Parcopa, Sinemet



    14
    monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)
    isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), tranylcypromine (Parnate)





    c




    200 8 1600 /

    apomorphine (Apokyn
    bitolterol (Tornalate
    cholestyramine (Prevalite, Questran
    dobutamine (Dobutrex
    epinephrine (Epi-Pen, and others
    isoetharine (Bronkosol, Bronkometer
    isoproterenol (Isuprel, Medihaler-Iso
    methyldopa (Aldomet
    probenecid (Benemid
    ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin (E.E.S., EryPed, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin, rifampin -Rifadin, Rifater


  10. #10

    Nov 2010
    3,436

    : ..


    benztropine
    Cogentin





    chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), perphenazine (Trilafon



    pramlintide -Symlin

    - - 2
    Kaopectate, Donnagel, Rheaban
    Amphojel, Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids, Rulox, Tums




    1-2

    6 1-4
    c









: 3 (0 3 )

  1. : 5
    : 03-04-2012, 02:40 PM
  2. : 19
    : 03-04-2012, 02:00 PM
  3. : 19
    : 02-04-2012, 08:35 PM
  4. : 12
    : 02-04-2012, 08:29 PM
  5. : 22
    : 02-04-2012, 08:27 PM

: 1

, , , , , , , , , ,